Ratiometric Fluorescent Quantum Dot-Based Biosensor for Chlorothalonil Detection via an Inner-Filter Effect
Sheng, EZ (Sheng, Enze)[ 1,2 ] ; Lu, YX (Lu, Yuxiao)[ 1,2 ] ; Tan, YT (Tan, Yuting)[ 4 ] ; Xiao, Y (Xiao, Yue)[ 1,2 ] ; Li, ZX (Li, Zhenxi)[ 1,2 ] ; Dai, ZH (Dai, Zhihui)[ 1,2,3 ]*（戴志晖）
[ 1 ] Nanjing Normal Univ, Jiangsu Collaborat Innovat Ctr Biomed Funct Mat, Sch Chem & Mat Sci, Nanjing 210023, Peoples R China
[ 2 ] Nanjing Normal Univ, Jiangsu Key Lab Biofunct Mat, Sch Chem & Mat Sci, Nanjing 210023, Peoples R China
[ 3 ] Nanjing Normal Univ, Ctr Anal & Testing, Nanjing 210023, Peoples R China
[ 4 ] Nanjing Agr Univ, Coll Plant Protect, Dept Pesticide Sci, Nanjing 210095, Peoples R China
A new sensitive sensor for detecting chlorothalonil (CHL) based on the inner-filter effect (IFE) between gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and ratiometric fluorescent quantum dots (RF-QDs) was developed. Here, RF-QDs were designed by two different color CdTe QDs. Based on the IFE, the AuNPs can quench the fluorescence of the RF-QDs. Because of the electrostatic attraction between protamine (PRO) and the AuNPs, the PRO can restore fluorescence effectively. Papain (PAP) can easily hydrolyze PRO and causes the quench of fluorescence quenching. The addition of CHL can inhibit PAP activity and restore the fluorescent signal. Through the characterization of the structural changes of PAP, the inhibition and mechanism of CHL on PAP activity were studied. The ability of CHL to inhibit PAP activity was evaluated by measuring the fluorescence of the RF-QDs. Under the optimal conditions, this sensing platform shows a response to CHL in the range of 0.34-2320 ng/mL and a detection limit of 0.0017 ng/mL. Based on the CHL inhibition of PAP activity, the RF-QDs showed good selectivity for CHL. The practical application of the proposed system was demonstrated by detecting CHL in food and environmental samples with satisfying results.